Fiqh of Minorities : Modern Problems, Timeless Solutions

 

In the late 20th century, the issue of fiqh al-aqalliyat, or Islamic jurisprudence, for Muslim minorities became a mainstream topic with the advent of Dr. Yusuf Qaradawi’s work, may Allah have mercy upon him, although the topic had been addressed before him.

Many questions arose regarding Muslims and their seemingly slow inability to simply assimilate to America and American values. Why can’t we integrate as fast as mother minorities? Why do we eat certain foods? Why do we dress a certain way? And those questions became answered, there was pushback. Are watering down our religion? Are we compromising values for the sake of fitting in with society? Are we letting society dictate our belief system?

But this is not a new issue. Since the time of the Prophet (S) until our time, Muslims have always run into opposing ideologies and values wherever they went. It’s nothing new for Muslims to engage with modern thoughts and philosophies. It happened merely 150 years after the Prophet (S) when Muslims confronted Greek philosophy which gave rise to different schools of thought among Muslims. Some Muslims attempted to integrate those philosophies into Islam, some tried to explain those philosophies through the lens of Islam, and some stood firm with orthodox Islam such as Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal.
Therefore, it’s not new that Muslims are engaged with different thoughts and concepts in lands where Muslims are the minority. It’s the same story, in a different time and place.
Likewise, it’s the same Islam, in a different time and place. Hence the theme for this year’s Intensive Knowledge Retreat: Fiqh of Minorities – Modern Problems, Timeless Solutions.
Our speakers will address modern day issues and challenges unique to American Muslims. This year we are blessed to have our returning speakers including Usthadha Zaynab Ansari, Sheikh Suleiman Hani, Dr. Omar Suleiman, and Sheikh Yasir Fahmy. We are also delighted to have, for the first time, Dr. Yasir Qadhi.
With this powerhouse of preachers and teachers, we will address controversial and mainstream issues that Muslims in America face. Such issues include, but are not limited to student loans and mortgages, issues with salah in public or at work, work functions where alcohol or other problematic matters arise, issues with hijab, identity politics, issues of morality and sexuality, etc. We will also explore how such rulings are derived. Ultimately, we will learn how the Muslim identity challenges the status quo while remaining firm, unapologetic Muslims.

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SPEAKERS

 

ESSENTIAL AXIOMS:

 

We will enter the KR with the following important presumption which help how to address the issue:

  • Hadith is the main source of Islamic knowledge & Shariah second to none but to the Quran.

  • No Muslim should ever reject something they know the Prophet (S) authentically said, did or approved. If the Prophet (S) was in front of them, they’d accept it.

KR COURSE MAIN COMPONENTS:

 
  • The sciences of hadith are technical and can become very dry, and the goal of the KR is for the audience to have a general understanding of sciences of hadith, without getting bogged down by the minutia.

  • While discussing the sciences of hadith real-life scenarios will be covered as related case studies for lessons learnt.

  • We will discuss in two to three lectures the following basic hadith topics "Definition of hadith & its sciences, brief history of hadith compilation, classification of hadith".

  • Next lectures will focus on 3 sources of doubt related to hadith and how to dispel them:

  • SOCIETAL DOUBT

    It’s coming from what they heard their family and friends say; for example, people might say things like “hadith are nonsense, shuyookh are trying to control things, all you need is the Quran, etc.” This rhetoric is often a tactic to escape certain fiqh issues that would problematize their own lifestyles. And they’ll attempt to bolster their argument by saying, “just follow the Quran,” when in reality they say this because they believe the Quran is more lenient than hadith, and they can ultimately do things they want to do either because Quran did not mention it or the Prophet (S) forbade it but they can question the authenticity of relating it to the Prophet.

  • INTELLECTUAL DOUBT

    One of these doubts is to believe it’s simply not possible to accurately transmit hadith as it is transmitted by chain (e.g. I heard this person, who heard from this person, that the Prophet (S) said…). The teacher’s goal is to intellectually and factually reassure Muslims that the science of hadith is indeed a robust, credible science.

  • COGNITIVE DOUBT

    They don’t doubt the sciences of hadith. Rather, there are some hadith that are controversial and this leads to doubting the hadith tradition as a whole. For example, they may assess a hadith that is difficult to reconcile. They will have trouble believing the Prophet (S), the most perfect human being, would ever say such a thing on various matters or do such a thing. The doubt in one hadith then causes doubt in several other hadith. And it leads to questioning the need for hadith. Therefore, it is important to have a session or two titled, “Did the Prophet (S) really say that?” It’s important for the speakers of the IKR to address the controversial hadith by quoting what classical scholars said centuries ago, because you will find differing opinions amongst scholars regarding such hadith. This will lead the audience members to realize that such hadith are in fact not controversial. And another lecture will address how to approach such controversial hadith. Ultimately, the goal is when Muslim says or feels, “I’m uncomfortable with this hadith,” the speaker can help the Muslim go from feelings of doubt to the affirmation of “we hear and we obey.”

SCHEDULE

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9:00 AM - 9:40 AM
Fundamentals of Hadith Sciences. (Part-1)

Fundamentals of Hadith Sciences. (Part-1)

Zaynab Ansari

(Definition of Hadith)

09:45 AM - 10:30 AM
Fundamentals of Hadith Sciences. (Part-2)

Fundamentals of Hadith Sciences. (Part-2)

Zaynab Ansari

Hadith & Sunnah

10:30 AM - 10:45 AM

Break

10:45 AM - 1:30 AM
Development of Hadith

Development of Hadith

SULEIMAN HANI

Overview of Documentation, Recording and Transmission (Part-1)
Prophetic Era

11:30 AM - 12:15 AM
Development of Hadith

Development of Hadith

SULEIMAN HANI

Overview of Documentation, Recording and
Transmission. (Part-2)
Post-Prophetic Era

12:15 PM - 02:00 PM

Lunch + Dhuhr

2:00 PM – 2:45 PM
Overview of Hadith Collections

Overview of Hadith Collections

TESNEEM ALKIEK

2:45 PM -3:30 PM
Overview of Hadith Collections

Overview of Hadith Collections

TESNEEM ALKIEK

3:30 PM – 4:00 PM

Asr

4:00 PM – 4:45 PM
Hadith Classification

Hadith Classification

Zaynab Ansari

(Part-1)

4:45 PM – 5:30 PM

Maghrib

5:30 PM – 6:30 PM
Hadith Classification

Hadith Classification

SULEIMAN HANI

(Part-2)

6:30 PM – 7:45 PM

Open Q&A

9:00 AM - 9:40 AM
In the Company of Imam Al-Bukhari

In the Company of Imam Al-Bukhari

SULEIMAN HANI

The Blessed Journey

09:45 AM - 10:30 AM
The Role of Human Intellect in Hadith Interpretation

The Role of Human Intellect in Hadith Interpretation

YASIR FAHMY

10:30 AM - 10:45 AM

Break

10:45 AM - 1:30 AM
When Hadith and Science (seem to) Clash

When Hadith and Science (seem to) Clash

YASIR FAHMY

11:30 AM - 12:15 AM
Emotional Discomfort

Emotional Discomfort

TESNEEM ALKIEK

Apostasy, Capital Punishment, & Human Rights

12:15 PM - 02:00 PM

Lunch + Dhuhr

2:00 PM – 2:45 PM
Verifying & Understanding Hyperbolic and Exaggerative Hadith

Verifying & Understanding Hyperbolic and Exaggerative Hadith

YASIR FAHMY

2:45 PM -3:30 PM
Hadith Related to Female Roles, Rights, & Rewards

Hadith Related to Female Roles, Rights, & Rewards

Zaynab Ansari

3:30 PM – 4:00 PM

Asr

4:00 PM – 4:45 PM
Coexistence with and Treatment of Non-Muslims

Coexistence with and Treatment of Non-Muslims

SULEIMAN HANI

4:45 PM – 5:30 PM

Maghrib

5:30 PM – 6:30 PM
Loving the Hadith & Sunnah as a Means to Loving the Prophet

Loving the Hadith & Sunnah as a Means to Loving the Prophet

OMAR SULEIMAN

6:30 PM – 7:45 PM

Open Q&A

PRECIOUS MOMENTS